Democratic Republic of Congo

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©UNHCR/Sendralahatra Rakontondradalo


The humanitarian needs in the DRC have reached alarming proportions. 2017 was one of the most violent years in history. According to the 2017 – 2019 HRP updated for 2018, 13.1 million people (including 7.7 million children) are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. This constitutes nearly 14% of the total population of the country projected in 2018. The NFI / Shelter Cluster has thus far targeted 30% of people in need in 2018 – i.e. 825,552 persons (43 %) out of 1,930,572 persons in need.

Coverage against targets

Need analysis

  • The NFI / Shelter Cluster in DRC responds to the need of population victim of two type of crisis: forced displacement and natural disasters. The response strategy is based on identification of population’s vulnerability according to the Cluster’s standards.


  • Responses modalities include in-kind distributions and vouchers and cash-based approaches. Additionally the Shelter Sector promotes innovative solutions based on owner and community driven construction and local building practices.
  • From January to June 2018, 17 humanitarian actors provided 794,717 persons (159,446 households) with NFI (29% of the HRP target); 12% were assisted via voucher and fairs; 88%, through direct distributions.
  • Of the NFI beneficiaries to date, 66% were displaced; 26% returnees; 8% host families.
  • Four organizations assisted 20,310 persons (4,062 households) with distribution of tarpaulins (5% of the HRP target). However, the Shelter Sector ardently promotes local construction techniques (in lieu of tarpaulins) and conditional cash grants to achieve more diversified shelter assistance modalities with communities at the heart of the response.
  • Five organizations reached 30,835 persons (6,167 households) to ameliorate their shelter (with local construction techniques and materials) – 3% of the HRP target.

Gaps / challenges

  • According to various humanitarian multi-sectorial assessments, the Shelter / NFI sector is in the top three of the humanitarian needs - namely in the Province of Tanganyika in context of massive returns. Despite a greater presence of Shelter partner in Tanganyika, lack of funding remains an issue.
  • The restricted access to certain provinces such as Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Ituri and Kasaï and limited financial resources have a negative bearing on the Cluster’s response capacity.