Democratic Republic of Congo

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< Oct 2018
December 2018
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@Lahatra / UNHCR 2019

 Highlights

The humanitarian needs in the DRC have reached alarming proportions. 2017 was one of the most violent years in history. According to the 2017 – 2019 HRP updated for 2018, 13.1 million people (including 7.7 million children) are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. This constitutes nearly 14% of the total population of the country projected in 2018. The NFI / Shelter Cluster has thus far targeted 30% of people in need in 2018 – i.e. 825,552 persons (43 %) out of 1,930,572 persons in need.
 

Coverage against targets

Need analysis

The humanitarian needs in the DRC have reached alarming proportions. 2017 was one of the most violent years in history. According to the 2017 – 2019 HRP updated for 2018, 13.1 million people (including 7.7 million children) are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. This constitutes nearly 14% of the total population of the country projected in 2018. The NFI / Shelter Cluster has thus far targeted 30% of people in need in 2018 – i.e. 3,700,000 persons.

Response

  • The NFI / Shelter Cluster in DRC responds to the need of population victim of two type of crisis: forced displacement and natural disasters. The response strategy is based on identification of population’s vulnerability according to the Cluster’s standards.  Responses modalities include in-kind distributions and vouchers and cash-based approaches. Additionally the Shelter Sector promotes innovative solutions based on owner and community driven construction and local building practices.
  • From January to December 2018, 40 humanitarian actors provided 1,460,182 persons (292,500 households) with NFI (53% of the HRP target); 56,7% were assisted via voucher and fairs; 43,3%, through direct distributions.
  • Of the NFI beneficiaries to date, 60% were displaced; 31% returnees; 9% host families.
  • Four organizations assisted 38,405 persons (7,681 households) with distribution of tarpaulins (9% of the HRP target). However, the Shelter Sector ardently promotes local construction techniques (in lieu of tarpaulins) and market-based approaches to achieve more diversified shelter assistance modalities with communities at the heart of the response.
  • Ten organizations reached 68,297 persons (13,660 households) to ameliorate their shelter (with local construction techniques and materials) – 6.3% of the HRP target. 

Gaps / challenges

. According to various humanitarian multi-sectorial assessments, the Shelter is the first priority of returnees with NFI following closely.

. In relation to the Government led closing of IDP sites in Tanganyika returns and secondary displacements continue with a major need in Shelter.