Prioritization of Shelter NFI Needs of IDPs and Returnees
Monday, March 30, 2020
Shelter Cluster

The negative impact of recurring climate conditions, conflict, overcrowded shelters, limited or no household items, lack of privacy, and sub-standard living conditions continue to expose displaced and returned populations to multiple protection risks. The situation is further exacerbated by insecurity in West Wellega and Guji, as well as limited Cluster funding. The COVID-19 pandemic adds additional hazards, particularly to those who are living in overcrowded conditions. The Cluster has taken a pragmatic and realistic approach to determining critical needs for 2020 and updated to respond to the COVID-19. For returnees, people living out in the open, in transit, or incompletely damaged houses (no habitable room) are prioritized. For IDPs (emergency shelter assistance), priority is given to sub-standard shelter conditions, including lack of protection from the environment, lack of essential household items, overcrowding, non-partitioned living spaces, and personal security.Based on thresholds and subsequent analyses, the Cluster has identified 26 werdas across Somali, Oromia, and Benishangul-Gumuz regions that fall under Priority 1 for the return response. These werdas were filtered using February responses, stock/pipeline, access, and the total number of affected populations based on DTM 21 and HNO 2020 analysis. Through a similar filter, IDPs in 55 werdas in Somali, Benishangul-Gumuz, Afar, and Oromia regions hosting climate-induced and conflict-affected IDPs are categorized as Priority 1 for Emergency Shelter and NFI responses. To further understand those most at risk for COVID-19 the number IDPs in sites most at risk (Planned camp/sites or Spontaneous camp) have been aggregated per woreda and can be seen as Annex 01