Ethiopia

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Shelter Cluster, September 2019

 Highlights

  • Shlter/NFI cluster identified 2.2M people as a PIN that consists of 1.49M IDPs, 1.02M Returnees and 197,367 Non-displaced people.
  • The cluster has targeted 2.0M people consisting of 1.3M IDPs, 635K Returnees, and 75K non-displaced people during MYR 2020.
  • From the 2.0M overall cluster’s target, the cluster targeted 0.53M people for COVID-19 related responses.
  • As per the MYR, cluster’s overall funding requirement for the year 2020 is $101.1 Million (77.7M for Non-COVID-19 and 23.4M for COVID) to address SNFI cluster needs.
  • Shelter/NFI Cluster assisted 45% out of 2.0M IDPs and Returnees across Seven Regions.

 

NFI

Shelter

Coverage against targets

Need analysis

This quarter has ssen the incidents of flooding increase across the country adding to those already displaced by conflict. Extensive flooding has been affected 265,649 household and displaced 78,283 households in Afar, Amhara, Gambela, Oromia, Sidama, SNNP and Somali Regions.. The combination of flooding and landslides has resulted in loss of livelihoods, crops, and damaged homes and infrastructures. This has left many household displaced with completely or partially damaged shelters and loss of possessions.
HRP is the main vehicle for fundraising for humanitarian responses. The document has been revised to incorporate COVID-19 related response. The cluster prioritization have been revised to give priority to IDPs at greater risk of COVID-19 such as those living in Collective Centers, Spontaneous, Planned sites as well as overcrowded shelters. The required funding for Shelter/NFI is $101 M USD, to reach 2.0 million displaced affected people.
The Shelter/NFI sector continues to prioritize the safety and health of the most vulnerable households through the provision of timely, targeted, and appropriate shelter assistance, including relief items. Assistance gaps range from lack of household items to lack of privacy, exposure to harsh weather conditions, displacement due to flooding/landslides and overcrowded shelters.
In addition, the displaced generally have difficulty accessing essential services, such as adequate shelter, WASH, and healthcare. Besides, those fleeing conflict or natural disasters often struggle with underlying health conditions, including malnutrition, and opted to carry minimal items.

Response

The Shelter/NFI Cluster targeted 2.0 million IDPs, returnees, affected host communities, deportees and migrants with emphasis on a child- and female-headed households, the elderly, separated children, people with disabilities and households at higher risk of illness. In the COVID-19 context, the Cluster prioritizes collective, spontaneous, and planned sites where people are at high risk of morbidity because of overcrowding, limited access to healthcare, hygiene and sanitation facilities, poor nutrition, limited access to public health communications, and reliance upon distributions that may involve large gatherings.
The cluster has worked with SMS, Health, WASH and Protection to develop a Multi-sectoral COVID-19 Risk Mitigation Plan for Priority 1 Sites. Ten sites have been identified for decongestion, risk communication, active community surveillance, and expansion of water and sanitation facilities. These sites will be allocated funding in the second round of EHF
The cluster received $1.25m for sectoral priority areas. A total of twelve EOIs were received requesting a total $5.1m. Six EOIs have been asked to submit proposals on GMS for the final stage of the application process. All six were from a national NGO or in partnership with a National NGOs
In the third quarter of 2020, the Cluster has progressively assisted 498,598 vulnerable displacements affected population, inclusive of IDPs and returnees across Afar, Amhara, Benishangul Gumuz, Dire Dawa, Oromia, Somali, and SNNP regions. Component of response includes ENSFI in-kind, ESNFI in-cash, and mixed ESNFI (204,945), partial ES/NFI kits (269,017) and (24,636) with shelter reconstruction and repair (Repair kit full, partial and mixed, minor shelter repairs kit, Cash for rent/Shelter) support. With this, the shelter & NFI cluster has achieved 45% of its target for the 2020 Response plan.

Gaps / challenges

Insufficient funding remain one of the key with the cluster only receiving 10.3% of the total HRP cluster requirement of $101.1m and is in urgent need of 33.7million to reach 670,000 IDPs living in congested condition, recent flood and conflict-affected communities as well recently returned IDPs.
This quarter has seem unusually high levels of rainfall resulting in wide spread displacement due to flooding which together with on going responses has depleted the cluster and partners stocks of NFIs. The focus has mainly been on emergency live saving measures which reduce the response for returnees and more durable solution which tend to be more expensive but necessary to give household a chances to rebuild thieir lives.
A combination of factors ranging from insufficient funding, restricted access to vulnerably displaced population, the fragility of the security situation, and frequent population movement continue to pose a significant challenge for Shelter & NFI cluster partners to address overwhelming needs and gaps. The resurgence of ethnic conflict, after a period of clam in key return areas, limits the delivery of timely shelter and settlement response.
Housing, Land, and Property (HLP) issues remains a bottleneck to provide longer-lasting shelter solution to many-affected population. Secondary occupation of homes, Loss of land, and title documents were raised as critical challenges to delivering timely repair/reconstruction assistance to vulnerable returnee population.