Ethiopia

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< Jan 2021
May 2021
Shelter Cluster, September 2019

 Highlights

  • Cluster identified 4.5M as a cluster PIN that consists of 2.0M IDPs, 400,418 Returnees and 2.1M Non-displaced people
  • The Cluster has targeted 2.8M consisting of 1.12M IDPs, 201,962K Returnees and 1.5M non-displaced people during the HRP 2021
  • As per the HRP 2021, Cluster’s overall funding requirement for the year 2020 is $92.7 Million (to address SNFI cluster needs.
  • Shelter/NFI Cluster assisted 13% out of 2.8M IDPs and Returnees across Six Regions.

 

NFI

Shelter

Coverage against targets

Need analysis

The quarter and has seen the conflict in Tigray Region continue. From mid-March, there was a large influx of IDPs into shire mainly from the Western Zone of Tigray. There has also been an influx of IDPs seeking assistance into the other main towns of Axum and Adigrat. This has created the need for the development of communal sites in which the cluster has been working with CCCM and the local government to identify suitable land. Access has improved during this quarter to the main towns of Mekelle, Shire, and Adigrat however it has been unpredictable with areas been accessible for short periods of time. Partners have been able to conduct a number of needs assessments in which Shelter ESNFI has remained second to food as a priority need. At the end of March, there was an estimated 2 Million IDPs.

The conflict in other regions of the country has continued in East and West Wellega, Metekel zone in Benishangul Gumuz, and Konso Zone in SNNPR through this quarter. In Metekel Zone access has become increasingly difficult with increased activities of UAGs and targeting of humanitarian vehicles. In metekal zone, they are estimated to be 206,076 IDPs with many more seeking refuge in the neighboring Awi Zone of Amhara Region. In Awi Zone one communal site has been setup with an estimated 21,714 IDPS with many more opting to shelter in the host community.

The conflict in Tigray has added to a growing caseload from flooding at the end of quarter three and the beginning of quarter four and additional displacement from conflicts, most recently in Benishangul-Gumuz and Konso special zone. The security situation in Metekel Zone of Benishangul Gumuz Region (BGR) has been gradually deteriorating since 2019, and more intensely in recent months. The two attacks in December and January accentuated, even more, the displacement of people in the area. The majority of the IDPs are displaced from rural areas to towns, while some fled to the neighboring Amhara Region (Chagni town and Guangua woreda of Awi Zone). The IDPs are sheltered in public spaces, including schools and meeting halls, while others have set up temporary make-shift shelters; some stay with relatives, and others are out in the open. The last update from OCHA reports 121.000 displaced people and 28,000 returnees in the following woredas: Bullen, Dangur, Dibate, Guba, Mandura, and Wombera woredas.

Response

The Shelter/NFI Cluster targeted 2.8 million IDPs, returnees, affected host communities, deportees, and migrants, emphasizing child- and female-headed households, the elderly, separated children, and people with disabilities and households at higher risk of illness. Preparations have started for the first round of EHF for 2021 which will target lifesaving activities.

In the first quarter of 2021, the Cluster has progressively assisted 357,424 vulnerable displacements affected population, inclusive of IDPs and returnees across Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Somali, SNNP and Tigray regions. Component of response includes ENSFI in-kind, ESNFI in-cash, and mixed ESNFI (224,874), NFI kits (107,211), and (3,025) with shelter reconstruction and repair (Repair kit full, partial and mixed, minor shelter repairs kit, Cash for rent/Shelter) support. With this, the shelter & NFI cluster has achieved 13% of its target for the 2021 Response plan. In Tigary region shelter partners managed to respond to 172,721 with the response mainly being in the main towns.

Gaps / challenges

Insufficient funding remains one of the key constraints with the cluster currently funded to meet 11% of needs leaving a gap of 89%. The cluster has not been able to replenish the Clusters prepositioned stock which is concerning given the upcoming rainy season and election which could see additional displacement.

Many areas of Tigray Region remain inaccessible making it difficult to get an accurate overview of the needs; however, the initial reports indicate critical needs across the region. The Cluster will continue to advocate for unimpeded access to the region to conduct assessments and allow partners to respond. Further to this, the Cluster will advocate for the restoration of banking services to give the Cluster and partners the option for a CASH-based response.