Ethiopia

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< Aug 2021
October 2021
Shelter Cluster, July 2021

 Highlights

Need Analysis:

In the Tigray region, 2.8 million people have been displaced because of the conflict in November 2020. While there have been reports of small-scale spontaneous returns, the majority remain displaced in host communities and collective sites. IDPs in school buildings serving as collective sites are living in over-congested classrooms with no privacy and sub-standard living conditions leading to heightened risks of protection and health concerns. On the other hand, limited information exists regarding the IDPs in host communities. However, resources are equally strained for host communities and IDPs due to the current operational constraints (Cash, fuel, etc.). IDPs have been reported to return to collective sites due to their inability to afford rental payments. In the meantime, ES/NFI continue to be reported as the second-highest priority need for IDPs and the third highest for returnees in Tigray.

Since the spillover of the Tigray conflict in July 2021, the recent Humanitarian Response Update and report from the regional government in Amhara indicated that many people are displaced from South Wello, Wageherma, and South Gonder zones to neighboring zones within the Amhara region. While most IDPs sought shelter with relatives and friends, many displaced live in congested and sub-standard collective centers. Assessments revealed that IDPs in the collective sites are living in overcrowded situations and without any household items.

Accessing the IDPs in some parts of Benishangul and Oromia remains a challenge.

NFI

Shelter

Coverage against targets

Need analysis

The quarter and has seen the conflict in Tigray Region continue. From mid-March, there was a large influx of IDPs into shire mainly from the Western Zone of Tigray. There has also been an influx of IDPs seeking assistance into the other main towns of Axum and Adigrat. This has created the need for the development of communal sites in which the cluster has been working with CCCM and the local government to identify suitable land. Access has improved during this quarter to the main towns of Mekelle, Shire and Adigrat however it has been unpredictable with areas been accessible for short periods of time. Partners have been able to conduct a number of needs assessments in which Shelter ESNFI has remained second to food as a priority need. At the end of March, there was an estimated 2 Million IDPs.

The conflict in other regions of the country has continued in East and West Wellega, Metekel zone in Benishangul Gumuz and Konso Zone in SNNPR through this quarter. In Metekel Zone access has become increasingly difficult with increased activities of UAGs and targeting of humanitarian vehicles. In Metekal zone they are estimated to be 206,076 IDPs with many more seeking refuge in neighboring Awi Zone of Amhara Region. In Awi Zone one communal site has been setup with an estimated 21,714 IDPS with many more opting to shelter in the host community.

Response

The Shelter/NFI Cluster targeted 2.8 million IDPs, returnees, affected host communities, deportees, and migrants, emphasizing child- and female-headed households, the elderly, separated children, and people with disabilities and households at higher risk of illness. Preparations have started for the first round of EHF for 2021 which will target lifesaving activities.

In the first quarter of 2021, the Cluster has progressively assisted 357,424 vulnerable displacements affected population, inclusive of IDPs and returnees across Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Somali, SNNP and Tigray regions. Component of response includes ENSFI in-kind, ESNFI in-cash, and mixed ESNFI (224,874), NFI kits (107,211) and (3,025) with shelter reconstruction and repair (Repair kit full, partial and mixed, minor shelter repairs kit, Cash for rent/Shelter) support. With this, the shelter & NFI cluster has achieved 13% of its target for the 2021 Response plan. In Tigary region shelter partners managed to respond to 172,721 with the response mainly being in the main towns.

Gaps / challenges

Insufficient funding remains one of the key constraints with the cluster currently funded to meet 11% of needs leaving a gap of 89%. The cluster has not been able to replenish the Clusters prepositioned stock which is concerning given the upcoming rainy season and election which could see additional displacement.

Many areas of Tigray Region remain inaccessible making it difficult to get an accurate overview of the needs; however, the initial reports indicate critical needs across the region. The Cluster will continue to advocate for unimpeded access to the region to conduct assessments and allow partners to respond. Further to this, the Cluster will advocate for the restoration of banking services to give the Cluster and partners the option for a CASH-based response.