Honduras - Hurricanes Eta and Iota

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September 2021
Reconstruction project in San Antonio Community, municipality of Dolores, Honduras. Partner: Global Communities. Picture taken on May 9, 2021

 Highlights

Operating with scarce funding, limited room for deployment and in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and ongoing violence, the coordination of this response presented particular challenges. Driven by local initiative,  the Shelter Cluster in Honduras focused on connecting municipal emergency coordinating bodies with the agencies that provided shelter support after the arrival of Eta and Iota hurricanes. 

Shelter

Need analysis

The latest needs analysis was conducted in June 2021 for the Humanitarian Needs Overview, which considers Honduras' humanitarian needs in general, including those of people affected by the hurricanes Eta and Iota, as well as those whose shelter situation is highly vulnerable due internal displacement caused by violence, livelihood loss and economic reasons.  

Following the JIAF methodology, 88,000 people have been identified as in need of temporay shelter and 35,000 people are in need of house repairs.
 

Response

The partners' response, as expressed in the Humanitarian Response Plan focuses on four main actions:

- NFI distribution

- Provision of temporary shelter

- House repairs

- Rental subsidies

Gaps / challenges

The hurricane season will add complexity to the ongoing humanitarian response.  The Sula Valley for instance, the region most affected by hurricanes Eta and Iota, is highly prone to flooding and requires reconstruction of critical infrastructure in order to withstand a tropical cyclone again.

Host families still require support to deal with overcrowding. There is limited availability of land for relocation of families who inhabited flooded areas.  Temporary shelters will most likely remain permanent, as families do not have a better alternative. Meanwhile, other families are refusing temporary solutions hoping that they will access housing subsidies from the Honduran government. Several families continue living in hazardous conditions.

Shelter insecurity is a contributing factor to the deterioration of livelihood conditions and slow economic reactivation.