Iraq

< Sep 2018
October 2018
IOM field visit in Sinjar, 16th September 2018

 Highlights

Although 4.11 million people have returned, 1.87 million IDPs remain as of October 2018. Despite the continous return, the amount remaining in displacement is highly than predicted. Of those in displacement, 30% are in camps, many of which are not scheduled to close. Highly vulnerable IDPs in out of camps remain scattered, blended within the host community and in some areas difficult to reach. Returnees, unable to sustain themselves in their areas of origin show an increasing trend of returning to camps.

Needs of IDP and returnees remain high. The most vulnerable continue to fall below minimum living conditions and depend on humanitarian assistance to survive.

Camp maintenance and upgrade, tent replacement, basic NFI and seasonal support are required.

In out of camps, critical shelter and seasonal support are the highest priorities.

In heavily war-impacted areas, people’s highest needs include shelter repairs, transitional shelter solutions and seasonal support.

The government has made efforts to complement humanitarian NFI assistance, whilst the compensation process to private home owners has not started yet. Stabilisation/development programs are yet to commence at to a level which could encourage more significant durable return.

Use of solar power especially in camps should be considered, whenever investment analysis proves its cost efficiency against the lifespan of the camps.

Coverage against targets

Need analysis

As per the IOM-led DTM report, 1.87 million IDPs and 4.11 million Returnees have been identified across the country, from January 2014 to 31st October 2018.

The number of IDPs keep decreasing (from 2.6 million, end of Dec.’17 to 1.87 million, end of Oct.’18); while the numbers of returnees has increased (from 3.2 million, end of Dec.’17 to 4.11 million, end of Oct.’18).

  • 29.9% of the 1.87 million IDPs are in camps, while 62.2% are currently in private settings (in rented accommodation or with host families); 7.8% remain in critical shelter arrangements (unfinished/abandoned building; school/religious buildings and informal settlements) and 0.1% in other unspecified shelter types.

  • 98.0% of the returnees are in their habitual residence while 2.0% remain in private settings (in rented accommodation or with host families) and in critical shelter arrangement such as informal settlements, unfinished and abandoned buildings, schools, religious structures

Response

  • Out of the overall target of 1.9 million, 1,029,253 people have been assisted with NFI kits; 191,463 of which have also benefited from shelter interventions. The coverage for NFI kits stands at 55% of the cluster target; and the coverage for shelter stands at 10% of the cluster target. From the total reached beneficiaries:

  • 732,882 people living in camps and informal settlements have been reached with NFI kits; 61,925 of which were provided with emergency shelter interventions.

  • 189,558 highly vulnerable returnees have been reached with NFI kits; 122,458 of which were assisted with emergency repairs of war damaged houses including the provision of sealing-off kits.

  • 24,381 highly vulnerable newly displaced have been reached with NFI kits; 823 of which were assisted with emergency shelter interventions.

  • 82,432 highly vulnerable people who are not covered by social protection system have been assisted with NFI kits; 6,257 of which have been assisted with emergency upgrade/repair of basic shelters.

  • Cluster partners also distributed seasonal clothing to the most vulnerable; thus 22,817 babies (0-1 year), 81,246 infants (2-5 years), 98,797 children (6-11 years), 36,630 adolescents (12-18 years) and 8,291 adults (over 18 years) were reached, allowing 247,781 individuals to improving their dignity but also to cope with cold weather conditions. 

 

Gaps / challenges

  • The Shelter Cluster finalized the winter response plan based on a needs and gaps analysis together with the responding partners. While camps across Iraq will be covered with winter top up (kerosene heater and jerry can), critical gaps remain in out of camp locations.

  • Advocacy for timely distributions of kerosene to IDPs and the replacement of the MoMD’s tents has been ongoing with the government.