Ethiopia

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At the start of the year, the Cluster targeted 2.8 million; however, following the influx of IDPs in March and April, the Cluster increased its target to 3.9 million people, out of which 71 % are from Tigray. As a result, in the last six months, Cluster partners are able to reach 2,052142 IDPs, returnees, and affected communities in  Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Somali, Benishangul Gumuz, SNNP, and Tigray regions; with the available resource, the Cluster will reach 52% of its target. Partners Operational Presence: The Cluster has an operational presence in 8 Regions and 18 zones, with 37 partners, 28 International NGOs, six national NGOs, 2 UN agencies and with Government and Regional authorities.

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October 2021
Shelter Cluster, July 2021

 Highlights

Need Analysis:

In the Tigray region, 2.8 million people have been displaced because of the conflict in November 2020. While there have been reports of small-scale spontaneous returns, the majority remain displaced in host communities and collective sites. IDPs in school buildings serving as collective sites are living in over-congested classrooms with no privacy and sub-standard living conditions leading to heightened risks of protection and health concerns. On the other hand, limited information exists regarding the IDPs in host communities. However, resources are equally strained for host communities and IDPs due to the current operational constraints (Cash, fuel, etc.). IDPs have been reported to return to collective sites due to their inability to afford rental payments. In the meantime, ES/NFI continue to be reported as the second-highest priority need for IDPs and the third highest for returnees in Tigray.

Since the spillover of the Tigray conflict in July 2021, the recent Humanitarian Response Update and report from the regional government in Amhara indicated that many people are displaced from South Wello, Wageherma, and South Gonder zones to neighboring zones within the Amhara region. While most IDPs sought shelter with relatives and friends, many displaced live in congested and sub-standard collective centers. Assessments revealed that IDPs in the collective sites are living in overcrowded situations and without any household items.

Accessing the IDPs in some parts of Benishangul and Oromia remains a challenge.

Coverage against targets

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Coordination Team