Afghanistan

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December 2019
UNHCR / 2019

 Highlights

Conflict, natural disasters and poverty continue to drive shelter and NFI needs across different population groups in Afghanistan. The scale, severity and complexity of needs for emergency and transitional shelter remains high, particularly among new and protracted IDPs who require core, supplementary and seasonal assistance, as well as longer-term support to rebuild their resilience. IOM’s DTM data shows that 4.1 million IDPs who have been displaced since 2012 remain in urban and rural settlements residing in sub-standard shelters characterized by a lack of adequate privacy and dignity; poor protection from harsh weather (particularly during winter); inadequate access to safe water and sanitation facilities; lack of connection to basic infrastructure and services; poor/non-existent security of tenure and a lack of adequate settlement planning.

The Emergency Shelter and Non- Food Items (ES-NFI) cluster provides life-saving assistance to people affected by conflict and natural disaster, including the current drought-displaced population, by protecting them from the elements, mitigating protection risks and ensuring people’s dignity and safety. Priority target populations include: IDPs, returnees and vulnerable host communities. In 2019, the cluster requests US$ 48.3 million and aims to reach 820,000 vulnerable people with shelter, NFI and winterization support.

In addressing the shelter needs of displaced populations, winterization support remains a major concern as winter temperatures pivot late 2019/2020. The ES/NFI Cluster in coordination with the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR), estimates that 95,350 families (667,450 individuals) will need winterization assistance during the upcoming winter season. The strategy 2019/2020 calls for an integrated response with Shelter, Food, Health and WASH clusters to holistically mitigate vulnerabilities associated with the harsh weather conditions and ensure that persons of concern are adequately protected from the cold and can cope with the harsh weather conditions. Through contributions from the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, bilateral donors and the common humanitarian funding mechanisms, the current capacity available is adequate to cover winterization needs for 72,477 families, 76 per cent of the population in need. At least 22,873 families will remain unassisted during the winter period due to a funding gap of USD $ 5.3m.

IDPs are most affected by cold weather because they live in temporary or inadequate shelters and lack proper clothing, heating materials. This leads to death and an increase in U-5 child mortality from respiratory infection partly related to exposure of the elements and hospital admissions for hypothermia. In 2018; population exposed to extreme cold not only resulted in death with case-fatality rate of 8.2% but also 11.2% of admissions resulted in limb amputation.

 

 

 

 

Coverage against targets

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Coordination Team