South Sudan

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The Shelter and Non-Food Items (NFIs) Cluster was launched in South Sudan in 2011 and acts as a coordinating mechanism of partner organizations working to provide life-saving household items and shelter materials to conflict- and disaster-affected people in South Sudan. Since the current conflict began in December 2013, Cluster partners have been working tirelessly to conduct flexible, timely and needs-based interventions for some of the most vulnerable and remote populations across the country. The Cluster continues to overcome severe logistic, security, access and resource constraints to reach those most affected by the violence and the lack of functioning markets in states like Unity, Jonglei and Upper Nile.

IOM leads the Cluster at the national level with the support of World Vision International as Co-Lead. IOM also manages the common pipeline which provides a reliable, cost-effective and steady stream of quality materials to partners for distribution to populations in need. In addition to providing stock for immediate distribution, the pipeline pre-positions materials in strategic locations across the country to further facilitate rapid deployment of life saving items. Finally, IOM manages a mobile response team to act as provider of last resort for the Cluster and support with partner capacity-building as the need arises.

Cluster Achievements

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December 2019
Partners demonstrate how to use mosquito net prior the NFI distribution in Pathai ©Medair 2019

 Highlights

  • Heavy rains that affected the entire horn of Africa and heavily affected South Sudan from July – October 2019 caused abnormal seasonal flooding in large areas of South Sudan, displacing many families and disrupting livelihoods of approximately 908,000 people of which approximately 70,000 households (420,000 individuals) were in immediate need of humanitarian assistance.
  • On 27 October 2019, The Government of South Sudan declared a state of emergency in all regions affected by the floods. The humanitarian communities immediately scaled-up their emergency flood response assistance, targeting the most vulnerable  population in priority locations in Pibor, Akobo, Duk, Uror, Twic East, Mayom, Mayendit, Ulang, and Nasir counties, delivering multi-sector flood rapid response kits. The Shelter and Non-Food Items (S-NFI) Cluster provided key NFI items that included - blanket, plastic sheet, ropes and mosquito net as part of the multi-sectoral flood rapid response kit.
  • Armed clashes, cattle raids and fighting between youth groups were the main drivers of new humanitarian needs in Jonglei, Upper Nile, Western Equatoria and Central Equatoria States. The fighting prevented civilians from undertaking their livelihood activities. The continued fighting amongst these youth groups in the flood affected population in Jonglei and Upper Nile States made displaced populations more vulnerable.

Coverage against targets

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Coordination Team