Iraq

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Iraq War Damaged Shelter Rehabilitation

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Although 4.3 million people have returned to areas of origin, 1.6 million IDPs remain displaced as of 30th June 2019. Despite continuing low levels of returns, the amount remaining in displacement has stayed relatively steady since February 2019. Of those in displacement, 32% are in camps with little likelihood of closing soon. Highly vulnerable out of camp IDPs remain scattered within the host community and in some difficult to reach areas. Returnees, unable to sustain themselves in their areas of origin show an increasing trend of returning to camps.

IDPs and returnees need for assistance remain high, and the most vulnerable people remain dependent on humanitarian assistance to survive.  Camp upgrading and maintenance, tent replacement, and basic NFI support are required.

For out of camp populations, critical shelter and NFI support are the highest priorities.

In areas with considerable damage from the conflict, people’s highest needs include shelter repairs and transitional shelter solutions.

The government is providing basic humanitarian assistance—including NFI assistance, kerosene deliveries and summer support—supplemented by humanitarian NFI assistance.  However, the compensation process to private home owners to repair damages from the conflict is not yet providing assistance at a high-level and is needed to achieve an end to reliance on humanitarian assistance. Stabilisation/development programs have begun and are providing significant gains for populations with damaged houses, however, they must be increased to a level which could encourage more significant durable returns.

 

See full factsheet
June 2020

 Highlights

  • In May, close to 9,000 IDPs living in critical shelter outside of camps in Dohuk governorate were provided with Sealing Off Kits by Caritas Czech Republic through IHF funding, with full respect for COVID-19 mitigation measures, providing individual distributions and training for HHs.
  • Shelter Cluster Iraq has extended its support to health and CCCM actors who need tents for medical or COVID-19 screening purposes outside and in camps, along with full support for quarantine and isolation areas in IDP camps and regularly participates at camp-level multi-cluster discussions on their set-up and management.
  • COVID-19 OUTBREAK RESPONSE STRATEGY

    The Iraq Shelter Cluster’s strategy for the COVID-19 response has been expanded, to align with the Health Cluster scenario planning, where a collapse of the health system is envisaged, should cases increasingly overwhelm current government structures. In certain governorates, IDPs returning to their camp of residence, had to quarantine inside their tent, where social distancing for 14 days was very challenging. Similarly, other inadequate living spaces such as informal sites may be overcrowded, posing a risk if people cannot properly self-isolate from the rest of their family or community. Hence, the Shelter Cluster plans to provide temporary shelter (tents) and basic household items for quarantine and isolation areas either in IDP camps, and/or adjacent to existing health facilities, so as to help decongestion while respecting strict IPC protocols.

Coverage against targets

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Coordination Team